The scaly-breasted munia or spotted munia , known in the pet trade as nutmeg mannikin or spice finc. Scientific name of the bird is Lonchura punctulata .
The scaly-breasted munia is about 11–12 centimetres (4.3–4.7 inch) long and weighs 12–16 grams. The adult has a short dark bill typical of grain eating birds, brown upper-parts and a dark brown head. The underparts are white with dark scale markings. The sexes are similar, though males have darker markings on the underside and a darker throat than females
The breeding season is throughout the summer season( mainly June to August in India) but can vary. The song of the male is very soft however complex and variable, sounding only at close range. This song described as a jingle consists of a series of high notes followed by a cacophonic rattle and ending during a unintelligible whistle. When singing the male sits in what is called the slope posture-erect with the head feathers raised. There are 2 types of slope posture, a pre-copulatory one and a normal one. The pre-copulatory behavior of scaly-breasted munia includes a sequence of action. The primary involves either the male or female playing with nest-material. As soon as a bird has arranged the nest material in its bill, it begins to fly around in a “Zig-zag ” path.
The nest is a large rounded structure loosely plain-woven from blades of grass,bamboo or other leaves with a side entrance and is placed in a tree or under the eaves of a house.
1.Many colonies started from escaped caged birds.
2. The Scaly-breasted Munia is also known as Ricebird, Nutmeg Mannikin, and noticed Munia.
3.There usual diet is half ripe seeds but they need become quite good scavengers in urban areas.
4.They flick their tail and wings constantly.
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